(CNN) — Vladimir Putin has made a surprise visit to Russian-occupied Mariupol, his first visit to territory captured by his forces in the year-long conflict.
The visit was an apparent act of defiance, coming just days after the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for him.
It also prompted outrage from Ukraine — the defense ministry compared Putin to a “thief” visiting “under the cover of night” — with the city having been reduced to ruins in Russia’s offensive.
Putin was flown into Mariupol by helicopter and toured districts around the city in a car, footage released by Russian authorities showed.
The Russian president is shown meeting seemingly surprised residents. Putin tells one man “we need to start getting to know each other better.”
All of the footage released of Putin’s visit is after dark, a possible way for the authorities to conceal damage.
News of the visit comes after the ICC issued arrest warrants on Friday for Putin and Russian official Maria Lvova-Belova for an alleged scheme to deport Ukrainian children to Russia. Putin is yet to comment on the warrant.
The visit is particularly provocative to Ukrainians as Mariupol was long a symbol of resistance that has witnessed some of the most intense fighting since Russia launched its invasion.
During the trip, the Kremlin said Putin also examined the coastline of Mariupol, visiting a yacht club and theater building.
Russian Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, who accompanied him, spoke in detail to Putin about “ongoing construction and restoration work” in the city.
The Kremlin added that Putin held a meeting at the command post of the special military operation — Russia’s description of its invasion — in Rostov-on-Don.
An adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Mykhailo Podolyak, slammed the “cynicism” and “lack of remorse” over Putin’s visit.
“The criminal always returns to the crime scene,” Podolyak said on Twitter.
Mariupol, a port city on the Sea of Azov, is located in Ukraine’s Donetsk Oblast and has been under direct Russian control since May 2022.
It was in Mariupol that Russian forces carried out some of their most notorious strikes, including an attack on a maternity ward last March and the bombing of a theater which forced hundreds of civilians to seek refuge.
Defense analysts previously told CNN that Russian forces tried to flatten Mariupol to make the city “easier to control.”
Of the 450,000 people who lived in the city before the war, more than a third have already left.
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